Best penetration testing tools 2021

What is Penetration Testing?

Whenever we hear penetration testing or ethical hacking, We think about illegal works or harmful things. But it’s not what it looks like. Not all hackers harm your data. Sometimes it becomes necessary to hack someone for legal actions or for any other reasons. And to do this kind of works sometimes we need penetration testing tools.

Penetration testing is a security practice where a digital protection master tries to discover and use or misuse(depends on what kind of work he/she is doing) weaknesses in a PC framework. The motivation behind this attack is to recognize any shaky areas in a framework’s safeguards which assailants could exploit. All these tools are very useful because they allow you to find the weakness of any unknown system. 

We can likewise say that Penetration testing tools are used as a piece of a pen-test to automatize some particular undertakings, to create testing efficiency, and to investigate issues that may be trying to discover utilizing manual examination techniques alone.


Why We need these Penetration Testing Tools?

Now after understanding about Penetration testing tools many of you are thinking that why we need these tools? Can’t we do hacking without using tools? 

Well, the simple answer is that you can do hacking without these tools but it will take too much time every time. You will get bored doing the same lengthy process every time. So, to make some basic scanning and some other basic things easy you need tools. 

Also, these tools are very helpful in different software companies. They use these tools for protecting their operating systems from hackers who are stealing their important data.

These penetration testing are mostly done by network specialists, testers, or by security specialists.

Also, these Penetration testing tools provide the IT team a distinct prospect on how to encourage their lines of protection.

To do these amazing penetration testing you also need to choose the right tools. Because there are many tools for pen-testing.

You will get many of these tools pre-installed in some high profiled operating systems. You can check out the article on Best Operating system for ethical hacking for your reference.

So, without wasting much time let’s get started and simply explore the whole list that we have mentioned below.


List of Best penetration testing tools 2021

  • Burp Suite
  • Metasploit
  • Aircrack-ng
  • John the Ripper
  • Wireshark
  • Social Engineer Toolkit (SET)
  • NMAP
  • BeEF
  • SQLMap
  • Hashcat
  • Airgeddon

1. Burp suite

Burp Suite is developed by PORTSWIGEER web security. According to many experts, pen-testing without this tool is unbelievable. This tool can scan vulnerabilities, capture proxies, and also inject commands. Burp UI is fully optimized for professional pen-testers.

Hence, this tool is not free. But it is worth it to have a premium of this tool.

Supported Platforms: Windows, macOS, and Linux


2. Metasploit

Metasploit is developed by Rapid7. This is an open-source tool. And it became a very popular tool over time. You can do vulnerability scanning, listening, exploiting known vulnerabilities, evidence collection, and project reporting with the help of this tool. According to many security specialists, this tool is very beneficial as it is there for years to achieve various tasks.

There are two different versions available for Metasploit. One is Metasploit Framework(Open source) and it is totally free. Another one is Metasploit Pro(COMMERCIAL SUPPORT) and it is a paid version but Rapid7 provided a free trial of this version.

Supported Platforms: Windows, macOS, and Linux


3. Aircrack-ng

Next, we have a very powerful tool and that is Aircrack-ng. It is a wireless network security tool. This is an all in one package for penetration testing. With the help of this tool, you will be able to watch over the security of your WiFi network by seizing data packets and transporting them to text files for additional analysis. You can check the execution of WiFi cards through capture and injection. This tool is free to use. 

Supported Platforms: Windows, macOS, and Linux


4. John the Ripper

John the Ripper, one of the most powerful and well-known tools for penetration testing. This is password cracking tool. The purpose of this tool is to find weak passwords in a given system and expose them. John is famous for exposing weak passwords in a very less amount of time. This tool is totally free for use and you can get this tool preinstalled with some high-level penetration testing operating systems. Like Kali Linux, Parrot Security OS, etc.

Supported Platforms: Windows, macOS, Linux, and Unix


5. Wireshark

Wireshark tool is mostly used for network protocol analyzers all over the world. You can use it to capture data packets. This tool will allow you to examine different features of individual packages, such as where they are getting from, their purpose, and the protocol they have used. You can find this tool pre-installed in some Linux distributions like Kali Linux, Arch Linux, etc. If you’re new to pen-testing, then Wireshark is a must-learn tool among all and it is free to use.

Supported Platforms: Windows, macOS, Linux, and Solaris


6. Social Engineer Toolkit

Social Engineer Toolkit(SET) is a unique tool in our list that detects attacks that are targeted at the human element than on the system component. It has many different features that allow you to send emails, messages, java applets, and many more with malicious codes. Like Wireshark and John the ripper you can find this tool pre-installed in kali Linux, parrot sec OS, and many other Linux Distributions.

Supported Platforms: Windows, macOS, and Linux


7. NMAP

The Network Mapper(NMAP) is a free and open-source tool. This tool Examine your Systems or networks for different weaknesses. This tool is also useful in monitoring host or service uptime and working mapping of network assault surfaces. NMAP also has a friendly Graphical User Interface called ZenMAP that is easy to use for any skill level. NMAP also has some preinstalled tools. Like, a debugging tool, a comparison tool for comparing scan results, and a packet generation tool.

Supported Platforms: Windows, macOS, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris, IRIX, Mac OS X, HP-UX, NetBSD, Sun OS, and Amiga


8. BeEF

Browser Exploitation Framework(BeEF) is also a very amazing and useful tool in our list. This tool mostly concentrate on penetration testing on web browsers. Moreover, this tool has Graphical User Interface So that you can use it on the Different Operating Systems give below. Also, this is an Open-source and completely free tool. 

Supported Platforms: Windows, macOS, and Linux


9. SQLMap

SQLMap is an open-source penetration testing tool. pen-testers use this tool to automate the process of detecting and exploiting SQL injection flaws and to take over on database servers. It comes with a command-line interface and it supports all the major platforms. All the versions of this tool are free of cost, It means that you can download any of them and use them for free.

Supported Platforms: MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Access, IBM DB2, SQLite, Firebird, Sybase and SAP MaxDB


10. Hashcat

Hashcat is one of the most powerful and fastest password recovery tools to this date. It is totally free to use. It means that you can download it from the below download button and use it for free. The suite version comes with the password recovery tool, a word generator, and a password cracking element. And the attacks like Dictionary, combination, brute-force, rule-based, toggle-case and Hybrid password are supported in this tool. And the best thing about Hashcat is that it has a very huge online community to help and support the tool.

Supported Platforms: Windows, macOS, and Linux


11. Airgeddon

Airgeddon was created by v1s1tor. It comes with lots of pen-testing tools. This is a multi-use bash script for Linux systems to audit wireless networks. This is one of the most suggested tools for wifi hacking and password cracking. You can also do DoS attacks on Wireless devices by sending them fake packets. And also this is a completely free and open-source tool So that you can modify the code by your need.

Features:

  • Wifi card Interface Mode changer(Managed-Monitor)
  • DoS(Denial of Service) over wireless networks with different methods
  • Handshake file capturing
  • Optimizing Captured Handshake files
  • Offline password decrypting on WPA/WPA2 captured files
  • Compatible with many Linux Distributions
  • Multilanguage support and autodetect OS language feature
  • Evil twin attacks
  • WPS scanning, PIN association
  • Pixie dust attacks
  • WEP all in one attack
  • Auto-update. Script checks for newer version if possible

Supported Platforms: Arch Linux, Kali Linux, Ubuntu, BackBox, BlackArch, Parrot sec OS, OpenSUSE, Gentoo, Fedora, Red Hat 


Conclusion

So this article was all about the brief summary of what penetration tools are, how it works, why it is useful and what is the best tool among all, as well as we have also mentioned the critical principles that should be taken into account while choosing the right tool to be used.

And it is also important to note that the tools we discussed in this article are all open-source and free of cost. By open-source, I mean that you can modify and use it as your need. Whatever new features you want to add to these tools you can add them by changing the source code.

Moreover, if you have any queries regarding the tools we discussed in this article or in any other tools then feel free to write those queries in suggestions. 


cybersecurity ethicalhacking Hacking Linux penetrationtesting pentesting

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