What Is IoT (Internet of Things)? What Are Its Benefits?

IoT is everywhere. Every electrical appliance that works on wireless technology uses IoT. IoT is the next generation that replaces old Bluetooth wireless technology. But what is IoT? Let’s see what is IOT, how it works, and what are benefits we get from IoT.

What is the Internet of Things?

IoT stands for Internet Of Things. As its name suggests, it is all made up of hardware and the internet. IoT is a giant network of connected devices. These devices come together and communicate with each other using the internet. They share all valuable data among them like how it will use and in which environment they should operate.

Sensors are the most important components in building up IoT. Generally, IoT is an environment in which multiple sensors or hardware devices work together to give overall output.

Many devices such as mobile phones, laptops, and computers, barcode sensors, smartwatches, Alexa, smart cars, traffic lights, etc. use Internet of things technology. Now you know what is IOT but how it works? Let’s see how these devices work together forming an IoT environment.

How Internet Of Things Works?

Internet of things mainly forms with hardware devices and internet connections. Many different devices connect the same IoT network area where they send their data. This data will become accessible to all hardware networks. This is how all devices work together and they get regular updates from the IoT server.

But how do they send this huge amount of data and how we get to benefit from it? Let’s understand its working step-by-step.

Requirements of IoT:

  • IoT platform or a server
  • Devices with sensors and necessary features
  • Internet connection

Internet of things platform is a cloud-based area where all connected devices can dump their data. Devices should have a proper internet connection to achieve good connectivity.

Steps of working

  • First, the data is taken using sensors and user interface (such as today’s average temperature, etc)
  • Then your smart device transfers this data to their particular cloud network known as an Internet of things platform.
  • IoT platform is a common cloud area or a server. When other devices connect to this network, they also can gain access to its information.
  • This platform has a common language to communicate with each other.
  • Once the data is transferred from devices to the main server securely, further analytics is performed on the data, and valuable information is extracted.
  • Finally, this valuable information sends to another device. The other device will be the one that connects the same network. This provides a better user experience.

An Example Of IoT

So you now know how the Internet of things work. It is simply a connection between multiple devices to achieve an overall user experience. Let’s take a look at a perfect example of IoT.

Suppose you want to experience smart home features. Then what you can do is make home smarter using many smart devices such as Alexa, Google Home, or Amazon Echo. You can add smart lights to make your home more beautiful. All electrical appliances can be connected to the same network using the Internet of things.

Hence you will get a complete set of smart home features. You can tell Alexa to turn on/off lights. You can use your smartphone to lock/unlock doors and windows as well as window curtains. Hot water geezers can be turned on/off using IoT. Your Air conditioner can be controlled from anywhere in the world.

All valuable information is send to the Internet of things networks. Further, it can be excreted from them as per requirements. For example, information such as at what time you will going to turn on/off your night lights outside your house. Using this information, smart lights can automatically turn on/off. You can change its routine also using your smartphone.

Hope you will get a good idea of how these devices come together to give you an overall user experience. This is one of the million examples of IoT.

What Are IoT Devices?

There are so many different devices that are using Internet of things technology. We cannot count them all! That is why the future of the Internet of things technology is huge. As per the research, approximately 20 Billion IoT devices are registered by 2020.

More precisely, the Internet of things devices is the set of hardware components that make the whole Internet of things structure possible. They consist of different sensors and monitors that can take surrounding information. We will discuss many different types of Internet of things devices in the next article.

Benefits of Internet Of Things

Well, you can see every benefit of using IoT technology. There many advantages of the Internet of things. Starting from remotely controlling a home device, up to operating a network of hardware attached to a spaceship. Internet of things provides security to all connected devices.

  • You can manage your daily routine and better health care using this technology.
  • You can stay connected to personal devices from anywhere in the world.
  • No matter how far you go from your home, you can still check if any electrical device has turned on/off.
  • Manage your daily electrical usage so you can analyze your electric bill.
  • Benefits such as efficient resource utilization, saving human efforts and errors, saving time, etc. are there.
  • IoT makes the over-environment experience user-friendly and easy to use.
  • It enhances data collection and management of data.

Internet of things can reach places where a human cannot. Remotely operating things was the dream of previous generation scientists and people. But now it can all be possible. Thanks to IoT technology.

Disadvantages of Internet of Things 

There are not many disadvantages of IoT but still, some cons are there such as,

  • Security Breaches
  • Privacy
  • Complexity

The first is security. No matter how much security is provided on the Internet of things but still, all the things are connected to the internet. Hence data breaches could lead to personal data leaks.

If someone becomes successful to break through the secure Internet of things network then it can gain access to controls. Your smart home may become a horror house with flickering lights as it automatically turns on/off or remotely accessed by an intruder.

Nowadays more new and secure networks forming using strong algorithms and encryption, but still, you have to keep your password safe.

Another disadvantage of IoT is the complexity. It is very complex to form an Internet of Things network. They have different hardware and different types of information. This has to be stored in the same place.

How Big Is The Scope of IoT?

That is why IoT has a very great future. The study field of the Internet of things is very interesting and qualified IoT engineers have a great demand ahead. Without IoT, no smart things can be possible today. It is the only platform that brings different hardware together. Internet of things makes smart devices smarter.


Hope you like this reading. Feel free to suggest anything in the comment section below.


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